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Explicit Sensor Network Localization using Semidefinite Representations and Facial Reductions

Nathan Krislock (ngbkrisl***at***math.uwaterloo.ca)
Henry Wolkowicz (hwolkowi***at***uwaterloo.ca)

Abstract: The sensor network localization, SNL, problem in embedding dimension r, consists of locating the positions of wireless sensors, given only the distances between sensors that are within radio range and the positions of a subset of the sensors (called anchors). Current solution techniques relax this problem to a weighted, nearest, (positive) semidefinite programming, SDP, completion problem, by using the linear mapping between Euclidean distance matrices, EDM, and semidefinite matrices. The resulting SDP is solved using primal-dual interior point solvers, yielding an expensive and inexact solution. This relaxation is highly degenerate in the sense that the feasible set is restricted to a low dimensional face of the SDP cone, implying that the Slater constraint qualification fails. Cliques in the graph of the SNL problem give rise to this degeneracy in the SDP relaxation. In this paper, we take advantage of the absence of the Slater constraint qualification and derive a technique for the SNL problem, with exact data, that explicitly solves the corresponding rank restricted SDP problem. No SDP solvers are used. For randomly generated instances, we are able to efficiently solve many huge instances of this NP-hard problem to high accuracy, by finding a representation of the minimal face of the SDP cone that contains the SDP matrix representation of the EDM. The main work of our algorithm consists in repeatedly finding the intersection of subspaces that represent the faces of the SDP cone that correspond to cliques of the SNL problem.

Keywords: Sensor Network Localization, Euclidean Distance Matrix Completions, Semidefinite Programming, Loss of the Slater constraint qualification

Category 1: Linear, Cone and Semidefinite Programming (Semi-definite Programming )

Citation: @techreport{Krislock:2010, Author = {Nathan Krislock and Henry Wolkowicz}, Institution = {University of Waterloo}, Title = {Explicit Sensor Network Localization using Semidefinite Representations and Facial Reductions}, Year = {2010}}

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Entry Submitted: 05/16/2009
Entry Accepted: 05/16/2009
Entry Last Modified: 01/29/2010

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