  


Random Gradient Extrapolation for Distributed and Stochastic Optimization
Guanghui Lan(george.lanisye.gatech.edu) Abstract: In this paper, we consider a class of finitesum convex optimization problems defined over a distributed multiagent network with $m$ agents connected to a central server. In particular, the objective function consists of the average of $m$ ($\ge 1$) smooth components associated with each network agent together with a strongly convex term. Our major contribution is to develop a new randomized incremental gradient algorithm, namely random gradient extrapolation method (RGEM), which does not require any exact gradient evaluation even for the initial point, but can achieve the optimal ${\cal O}(\log(1/\epsilon))$ complexity bound in terms of the total number of gradient evaluations of component functions to solve the finitesum problems. Furthermore, we demonstrate that for stochastic finitesum optimization problems, RGEM maintains the optimal ${\cal O}(1/\epsilon)$ complexity (up to a certain logarithmic factor) in terms of the number of stochastic gradient computations, but attains an ${\cal O}(\log(1/\epsilon))$ complexity in terms of communication rounds (each round involves only one agent). It is worth noting that the former bound is independent of the number of agents $m$, while the latter one only linearly depends on $m$ or even $\sqrt m$ for illconditioned problems. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that these complexity bounds have been obtained for distributed and stochastic optimization problems. Moreover, our algorithms were developed based on a novel dual perspective of Nesterov's accelerated gradient method. Keywords: finitesum optimization, gradient extrapolation, randomized method, distributed machine learning, stochastic optimization. Category 1: Convex and Nonsmooth Optimization (Convex Optimization ) Category 2: Stochastic Programming Citation: Download: [PDF] Entry Submitted: 11/27/2017 Modify/Update this entry  
Visitors  Authors  More about us  Links  
Subscribe, Unsubscribe Digest Archive Search, Browse the Repository

Submit Update Policies 
Coordinator's Board Classification Scheme Credits Give us feedback 
Optimization Journals, Sites, Societies  