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Multi-Variable Branching: A Case Study with 0-1 Knapsack Problems

Yu Yang(yangyu***at***gatech.edu)
Natashia Boland(natashia.boland***at***gmail.com)
Martin Savelsbergh(martin.savelsbergh***at***isye.gatech.edu)

Abstract: We explore the benefits of multi-variable branching strategies for linear programming based branch and bound algorithms for the 0-1 knapsack problem, i.e., of branching on sets of variables rather than on a single variable (the current default in integer programming solvers). We present examples where multi-variable branching shows advantage over single-variable branching, and partially characterize situations in which this happens. We show that for the class of 0-1 knapsack instances introduced by \citet{chvatal1980hard} to demonstrate that linear programming branch and bound algorithms (employing a single-variable branching scheme) must explore exponentially many nodes, a linear programming branch and bound algorithm employing a multi-variable branching scheme can solve any instance in either three or seven nodes. Finally, we investigate the performance of various multi-variable branching strategies computationally, and demonstrate their potential.

Keywords: multi-variable branching, 0-1 knapsack problems

Category 1: Applications -- OR and Management Sciences

Citation: Yu Yang, Natashia Boland, Martin Savelsbergh, "Multi-Variable Branching: A Case Study with 0-1 Knapsack Problems", 2019.

Download: [PDF]

Entry Submitted: 10/13/2019
Entry Accepted: 10/14/2019
Entry Last Modified: 10/13/2019

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